Sources and Causes of Water Pollution That what are the three main causes of water pollution Affect Our Environment

Industries produce a tremendous amount of waste, which contains toxic chemicals and pollutants, causing  air pollution  and damage to our environment and us. They contain harmful chemicals, including lead, mercury, sulfur, nitrates, asbestos, and many others.
Water pollution  is an appalling problem, powerful enough to lead the world on a path of destruction. Water is a natural solvent, enabling most pollutants to dissolve in it easily and contaminate it.
Nonpoint source pollution is contamination derived from multiple or diffused sources. These may include contaminated water traveled after rains, agricultural or stormwater runoff, or debris blown into waterways from the land.
A boundary line cannot contain water pollution on a map. Transboundary pollution happened when contaminated water from one country spilled into other countries’ waters. It can result from a disaster like an oil spill or the slow, downriver creep of industrial, agricultural, or municipal discharge.
How Does Recycling Help Reduce Pollution?
Also, when it rains, the chemicals mix up with  rainwater  and flow down into rivers and canals, which pose serious damages for aquatic animals.
Water pollutants include both organic and inorganic factors.  Organic factors include volatile organic compounds, fuels, waste from trees, plants, etc. Inorganic factors include ammonia, chemical waste from factories, discarded cosmetics, etc.
etc.  Pollution  of water usually occurs when substances discharged in it negatively modify the water. This  discharge of pollutants  can be direct as well as indirect.
Menu Energy Articles Solar Wind Geothermal Hydro Power Nuclear Recycling Ecosystem Animals Natural Disaster News Pollution Global Warming Fossil Fuels Green Living Natural Living Reviews Gardening Hydroponics Flowers What is Water Pollution? The water they say is life, and indeed they were right. About 70% of the earth is water, which has undeniably become one of our greatest resources. When we were young, we learned about the  various ways to conserve water  because water is used in almost every important human chores and processes. Water is an essential element in both domestic as well as industrial purposes.
The increased level of nutrients in water bodies is known as Eutrophication. It results in the bloom of algae in the water. It also depletes the amount of oxygen in the water that negatively affects fish and other aquatic animal populations.
Acid rain is essentially water pollution caused by air pollution. When the acidic particles released in the atmosphere by air pollution mix with water vapor, it results in acid rain.

Once polluted, an aquifer becomes unsafe for humans and remains unusable for decades, or even thousands of years. Besides, groundwater can also spread contamination far from the original polluting source when it seeps into streams, lakes, and oceans.
Surface water covers about  70 percent of the earth , filling our oceans, lakes, rivers, and including all blue bits on the world map. Surface water from freshwater sources other than the sea accounts for  more than 60 percent  of the water delivered to our homes.
The  effect of water pollution  is directly suffered by the organisms and vegetation that survive in water, including amphibians. On a human level, several people die each day due to the consumption of polluted and infected water.
Point sources include wastewater, which is known as effluent, legally or illegally discharged from a manufacturing unit, oil refinery, or wastewater treatment facility.
Transportation of coal and other petroleum products through underground pipes is well known. Accidental leakage may happen anytime and may cause damage to the environment and result in  soil erosion .
The water that travels via fields is usually contaminated with all forms of garbage inclusive of fertilizers that it swept along the way. This infected water makes its way to our water bodies and sometimes to the seas endangering the flora, fauna, and humans that use it along its path.
Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are used by farmers to protect crops from insects and bacterias. They are useful for the plant’s growth. However, when these chemicals are mixed up with water, they produce harmful pollutants for plants and animals.
As per the Environmental Protection Agency of the U.S.,  nearly 50% of our rivers and streams  and  over one-third of our lakes  are polluted and unfit for swimming, fishing, and drinking.
About Rinkesh A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no ‘Planet B’ in this whole universe.
The waste produced by animals washed away into the rivers when it rains. It then gets mixed up with other harmful chemicals and causes various water-borne diseases like cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, jaundice, and typhoid.
Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans.
However, a closer inspection of our water resources today gives us a terrible shock. Water is now infested with various wastes ranging from floating  plastic bags to chemical waste, converting our water bodies into a pool of poison.
Nutrient pollution  that includes nitrates and phosphates, which plants and animals need to grow, causes  major polluti on in the freshwater sources due to farm waste and fertilizer runoff. Municipal and industrial waste discharges and also individuals’ dumping directly into waterways contribute their fair share of toxins.
Landfills are nothing but a massive pile of garbage that produces the awful smell and can be seen across the city. When it rains, the landfills may leak, and the  leaking landfills  can pollute the underground water with a large variety of contaminants.
A small leakage from the sewer lines can contaminate the underground water and make it unfit for the people to drink. Also, when not repaired on time, the leaking water can come on to the surface and become a breeding ground for insects and mosquitoes.
When such things enter the sea, they not only cause water pollution but also harm animals in the sea.
Oil spill  poses a huge threat to marine life when a large amount of oil spills into the sea and does not dissolve in water. It causes problems for local marine  wildlife , including fish, birds, and sea otters.
It can be from leaking septic systems, chemical and oil spills, and also illegal dumping. The EPA has set limits on what can be discharged by a facility directly into a body of water to  regulate point source  pollution.
Mining is the process of crushing the rock and extracting coal and other minerals from the underground. These elements, when extracted in the raw form, contain harmful chemicals and can increase the number of toxic elements when mixed up with water, what are the three main causes of water pollution which may result in health problems. Mining activities emit a large amount of metal waste and sulfides from the rocks, which is harmful to the water.
Groundwater gets polluted when contaminants such as fertilizers, pesticides, and waste leaching from landfills and septic systems, making their way into an aquifer.
The  sewage  and  wastewater  that is produced in each household are treated chemically and released into the sea along with fresh water. The sewage water carries pathogens, a typical water pollutant, other harmful bacterias, and chemicals that can cause serious health problems and thereby diseases.
When contamination occurs from a single source, it’s called  point source pollution . Though this pollution originates from a specific place, it can affect miles of waterways and ocean.
Marine debris,  particularly plastic , is blown away by the wind or washed away in storm via drains and sewers. Our seas sometimes get polluted by  big  and  small  oil spills and leaks and are also soaking up carbon pollution from the air. The ocean absorbs  a quarter of human-made carbon emissions .
The ozone wastewater treatment method has become very popular. In this method, an ozone generator breaks down the pollutants in water. Ozone oxidizes bacteria, organic material, molds, and other contaminants in water.
People are nowadays investing in  rainwater harvesting  projects to collect rainwater and preserve it in wells below ground level.
As per the Economist report , each day, over 1000 children die of diarrheal sickness in India, and the numbers have been alarming in the last five years.
The nuclear waste that is produced by radioactive material needs to be disposed of to prevent any nuclear accident. Nuclear waste can have serious  environmental hazards  if not disposed of properly. Few major accidents have already taken place in Russia and Japan.
How Chemical Fertilizers Cause Water Pollution?
Septic tanks treat sewage right at the place of the location where it originates instead of treating it in any far-away plant or sewage system. This system is usually put to use at the individual building level. The sewage gets separated into solid and liquid components and treated separately.
Eighty percent  of  ocean pollution  or marine pollution originates on land along the coast or far inland. Streams and rivers carry contaminants such as chemicals, nutrients, and heavy metals that are carried from farms, factories, and cities into our bays and estuaries, and from there, they reach the ocean.
The  garbage  produced by households in the form of paper, plastic, food, aluminum, rubber, glass, is collected and dumped into the sea in some countries. These items take 2 weeks to 200 years to decompose.
As the population has grown exponentially, so has the demand for housing, food, and cloth. As more cities and towns are developed, they have resulted in increasing use of fertilizers to produce more food, soil erosion due to  deforestation , rise in construction activities, inadequate sewer collection and treatment,  landfills  as more garbage is produced, increase in chemicals from industries to produce more materials.
An increase in the earth’s temperature results in  global warming  due to  the greenhouse effect . It increases the water temperature and results in the death of aquatic animals and marine species, which later results in water pollution.
Nonpoint source pollution is   considered as the  leading cause of water pollution , but it’s challenging to regulate since there’s no identifiable source to blame.
Groundwater is one of our least visible but most critical natural resources. With rainfall, it becomes groundwater as it seeps deep into the earth, filling up cracks, crevices, and porous spaces of an aquifer, which is an underground storehouse of water. Groundwater is then pumped to the earth’s surface for drinking water.
In simple words,  the contamination of water bodies  is water pollution. It is the abuse of lakes, ponds, oceans, rivers, reservoirs,
Water pollution is prevalent and is an area of high alert. Water needs to be preserved and valued today for us to live tomorrow.
When nitrates present in the water get converted into gas, it is known as denitrification. It is an ecological approach that prevents leaching of nitrates in the soil. It stops groundwater from getting contaminated.
Sources and Causes of Water Pollution That what are the three main causes of water pollution  Affect Our Environment
Sources and Causes of Water Pollution That what are the three main causes of water pollution Affect Our Environment
The current scenario has led to rapid consciousness about  water preservation , and efforts are being made on several levels to redeem our water resources.
Many industries, not having a proper  waste management  system, drain the waste in the  freshwater , which goes into canals, rivers, and later into the sea.
The raw sewage needs to be adequately treated in a water treatment plant before it is released into the environment. Water is passed through several chambers and chemical processes in the water treatment plant to reduce the amount and toxicity of waste.
The toxic chemicals may change the color of water, increase the number of minerals, called  eutrophication , change the temperature of the water, and pose a severe hazard to water organisms.
Industries and factory set-ups are restricted from contaminating the water bodies and are advised to treat their contaminated waste through filtration methods.
Nuclear energy  is produced using nuclear fission or fusion. The element that is used in  the production of nuclear energy  is Uranium, which is a highly toxic chemical.
Making groundwater free of contaminants can be difficult to impossible, as well as costly.
Water is polluted by both  natural  as well as human-made activities. Volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, etc. are known to alter water and contaminate it, also affecting the  ecosystems  that exist underwater.
There are various classifications of water pollution, which are discussed as follows.
The treatment of polluted water removes existing contaminants or reduce the concentration of the pollutants to make the water fit for the desired use. Some of the ways to do it are:
A ship carrying a large quantity of oil may spill oil if met with an accident. Such an oil spill can cause varying damage to species in the ocean, depending on the amount of  oil spill , the toxicity of pollutants, and the size of the ocean.
Microorganisms in water are known to cause some of the very deadly diseases and become the breeding grounds for creatures that act as carriers. These carriers inflict these diseases onto an individual via various forms of contact. A typical example would be Malaria.
Fossil fuels  like coal and oil, when burnt, produce a substantial amount of ash in the atmosphere. The particles which contain toxic chemicals when mixed with water vapor result in  acid rain . Also, carbon dioxide is released from  the burning of fossil fuels , what are the causes of air pollution in india and